The Lockwoods History

John and Harriet's Descendants

Philip James Lockwood

 

 

 

Philip James Lockwood [1] was the second son of earliest recorded ancestor, John Lockwood, and younger brother of John William Lockwood, with whom he shared the profession of "Cigar Maker". Born in April 1827, he was living with his parents and younger sister Harriet in St John, Wapping at the time of the 1851 Census. [See Lockwoods History].

 

Inexplicably, there does not appear to be an 1861 Census record for any Lockwood family members, and Philip James was next represented in 1871.  Described as 43 and born "about 1928", he was listed as Head of Household (address indecipherable) in a family group that included wife Jane (Sheldrake) (born "about 1831"), and their children: Robert Lockwood (c1851), Philip James Lockwood [2] (c1853), Jane Lockwood [1] (c1855), John Richard Lockwood [1] (c1857), William Lockwood [1] (c1864), Elizabeth Lockwood [3] (c1867) and Mary Ann Lckwood [3] (c1869). [The large gap between John and William suggests possible non-surviving births.] 

 

In the 1881 Census, Philip Lockwood's address was given as 15 Splidt's Street and his profession remained "Cigar Maker". With him in Splidt's Street were wife Jane and their children Robert, William and Mary Ann. Also in residence was a John Lockwood, born 1851, whose relationship was entered as "Lodger" which was then amended to "Boarder". There is no other information to confirm a family connection. This John Lockwood quite possibly may be the same as the similarly-named person, sharing the same year of birth, who, 10 years later in the 1891 Census, was living with wife Mary and four children in Bethnal Green.

 

In April-June 1884, Philip James Lockwood died at the age of 57. His death record provided details of his full name, Philip James Lockwood. Widow Jane died October-December 1888, by which time she, too, was 57 years old. 

 

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Robert Lockwood was the first of Philip James Lockwood [1]'s seven children. He is known to have shared the family home up to and including the 1881 Census and appears to have not married. The 1891 Census form lists Robert Lockwood, aged 39, as Head of the 15 Splidt's Street household that also included brother William and sister Mary Ann. An October-December 1899 Death Record suggests that Robert Lockwood died in St George in the East aged 48.

 

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Philip James Lockwood [2] was the second of Philip James Lockwood [1]'s seven children. He was living with his parents at the time of the 1871 Census and aged 22 when marrying Matilda Bendall in April-June 1875. At the time of the 1881 Census they were living at St George's Terrace with their children John Richard Lockwood [1] (c1875), Robert Frederick Lockwood (c1878) and Sarah Matilda Lockwood [1] (c1880). Also present was a Boarder, Edward W Small, aged 32, from Liverpool.

 

In 1891 Philip James [2] and his enlarged family were in residence at 66 Ocean Street, Mile End Old Town. Family members were wife Matilda and children John R, Robert J, Sarah M, Philip James Lockwood [3] (c1882), Jane Lockwood [2] (c1884), Lily M Lockwood (c1886), Edward B Lockwood (c1887) and Florence M Lockwood (c1890). The first three children had been credited with being born in St George in the East, and the remainder in Stepney. Making the move with the family from St George's Terrace to Ocean Street was their Boarder, Edward Small.  (NOTE: Census transcription has mis-read Robert's middle initial for a "J" instead of an "F". Robert's middle name was Frederick.] 

 

At the time of the 1901 Census, Philip James Lockwood [2] and his family had moved to 4 Hope Place in Limehouse. The group consisted of Philip, wife Matilda, their children Jane (18), Lily (16), Florence (14) and 11 years old Teddy. Although Teddy is derived from the name Edward, he is clearly listed as the youngest child, aged 11, and not 14 as would have been the case for Edward. Teddy is also listed as having been born in Bow, whereas in 1891 Edward was credited with Stepney. 

 

Matilda Bendall is known to have died in Poplar in 1909, but no date has yet been confirmed for Philip James Lockwood [2].

 

Their eldest son, John Richard Lockwood [2] is believed to have been named after his father's younger brother, John Richard Lockwood [1]. His birth was registered in July-September 1875 and he was included on his family's Census forms in April 1881 aged five and April 1891 when his age was entered as 16 instead of 15. In 1897, when 22 years of age, he married Emile Catton, 14 years his senior, and the mother of five children whose ages ranged from seven to 13.

 

He and Emily are known to have had at least two children - Emily Rosina M Lockwood, born in Poplar in 1898, and John Richard Lockwood [4], whose birth was registered in the July-September quarter of 1900, but sadly died 12 months later.

 

Second son, Robert Frederick Lockwood, was a mere 20 when he married 18 years old Sarah Emerton in Mile End Old Town in 1896. The couple are known to have had six children: Lydia Lockwood (1900), Sarah Matilda Lockwood [2] (1904), John Richard Lockwood [5] (1906), May Lockwood (1907), Mary Jane Lockwood (1908) and Daniel Lockwood (1913). Of their children, Sarah Matilda's family has been traced to the present day.

 

Little documentation appears to exist for either Philip James [2] and Matilda's third child, Sarah Matilda Lockwood [1], or fourth born, Philip James Lockwood [3], apart from his inclusion in the 1901 Census. The couple's fifth child, Jane Lockwood [2], was 19 when marrying 22 years old Daniel Sharp in Stepney in the January-March quarter of 1901. It has not yet been established if the couple had any children. The April Census for that year did not include Jane, but did produce an entry for Head of Household Daniel Sharp living at 123 Stepney Green. Sharing lodgings with him on the night of the Census was Jane's elder brother, Philip James Lockwood [3].

 

Documentation is scarce for three of the couple's other four children, Lilly M Lockwood, Florence M Lockwood and Teddy Lockwood. The fourth, Edward B Lockwood, had been included on the 1891 Census form at Ocean Street. Traditionally, handwritten Census forms list first the Head of Household, then Wife and then the children from eldest to youngest. On the 1891 Census form, Philip James Lockwood [2] and Matilda are followed by seven of their children. Continuing on from the family is the name of Edward Small, their Boarder. Almost as an afterthought, the name "Edward B Lockwd" aged four was added to the list after that of Edward Small's name. Edward's relationship to the Head of Household was listed as "Son". [NOTE: One Census transcriber wrongly deciphered this entry to read "Edward B Jock Small", and the description "Son" to imply that the boarder, Edward Small, aged 36, was his father.] Examination of the Census form clearly indicates, however, that the entry reads "Edward B Lockwd", and the surname had been abbreviated to fit into the column. With his age being entered as "4", Edward B Lockwood would have been born between 5 April 1886 and 4 April 1887.

 

What is interesting about this is that over at Philip Street, the 1891 Census included "grandson" Edward Lockwood, born 1897! In the absence of any other documentation suggesting two Edward Lockwoods born that same year in the same location, it seems likely that he was included on the Philip Street list because he was actually there on the night of the Census, and was entered under Ocean Street as being a member of the family in residence at that address.]

 

Edward B Lockwood was absent from the Philip James Lockwood [2] household at the time of the 1901 Census. Adding to the intrigue is the inclusion of an Edward Lockwood in the 1901 Census form for the household headed by William George Jerwood and his wife Rachel - the  daughter of John William Lockwood. Alongside Edward's name is the entry "Cousin" and the age "12". Given the date of that Census, this Edward would have been born between 1 April 1888 and 31 March 1889. Despite the age discrepancy, there can be no doubting that he was related to Rachel Lockwood Jerwood.. [NB: An Edward George Lockwood was registered in St George in the East in the October-December quarter of 1888. His parentage has not yet been established but, agewise, he would be a perfect match for the Herwood Household Census entry.]

 

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Jane Lockwood [1] was the third of Philip James Lockwood [1]'s seven children. Born circa 1855, she was 19 when marrying Henry John Lipscomb [1] in Whitechapel in the January-March quarter of 1874. Their first child, Henry John Lipscomb [2] was recorded as having been registered in the July-September quarter that same year, but tragically died two years later in 1876. There does not appear to be any Census references to Jane and her family in either 1881 or 1891, but the 1901 form confirmed the presence of  Seraphina Lipscomb (c1878), Elizabeth Lipscomb (1880), Henry George Lipscomb (1885), John Richard Lipscomb (1887) and Alfred Charles Lipscomb (1892).

 

It is perhaps worth noting that during the 1874-1892 period of Jane and Henry's confirmed children, other Lipscomb births in the St George in the East area were George Lipscomb, whose birth and death were registered in the October-December quarter of 1882, Adelaide Louisa Lipscomb (October-December 1883), whose death was registered in the July-September quarter of 1884, and the slightly later George Ernest Lipscomb (1894). The five-year gap between their children Elizabeth and Henry George strongly suggest George and Adelaide were born during this period.

 

Jane Lockwood died in 1903 at the age of 48, two years before her eldest surviving son, Henry George Lipscomb, married Emma Matilda Malby in 1905. Henry and Emma are known to have had at least one child, Eliza Lipscomb, born in 1911.

 

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John Lockwood was the fourth of Philip James Lockwood [1]'s seven children. Born circa 1857, he had been living at home at the time of the 1871 Census. It has not yet been possible to provide a conclusive later trace since there are documents relating to possibly three different persons of this name, born in the same year and locality. The most likely on paper would seem to be John Richard Lockwood [1] who, in July-September 1875 married Ann Young. On both his marriage documentation and the 1881 Census form, his birthplace is given as "London, Middlesex", but this was subsequently amended to "St George in the East" for the 1891 Census. John and Ann would have both been very young at the time of their marriage. This is confirmed by the 1881 Census record giving John's age as 24 and Ann as 22. The form also includes daughter Ann Lockwood (6), son John Richard Lockwood [2] (aged three) and daughter Elizabeth Lockwood (6 months). At the time of the Census, the family were living at 1 Batty Street, a small road leading off the Commercial Road and flanked by Christian Street and Backchurch Lane - each of which connected to Lockwood dwellings in Philip Street, Ellen Street and Splidt's Street.

 

Modern day map of the area still referred to as Whitechapel. Highlighted in red above Ellen Street is the approximate location of Splidt's Street. Travelling north-east towards Commercial Road is Batty Street, home to Lockwood descendants in the 1880s.

Ratcliffe and the subsequent King Edward VII Memorial Park

 

In the 1891 Census, John's place of birth was listed as St George in the East. The family had moved to14 Brunswick Place, Ratcliffe - an area believed to be in approximately the site now occupied by the King Edward VII Memorial Park. The Census form did not include daughters Ann, who would have been about 16, nor Elizabeth, about 11. Son John Richard [3], now 12 was included, as were sons George Henry Lockwood (4) and Henry John Lockwood (2) and daughter Harriet Lockwood [5] (1 month??).

 

The family moved again to 3 James Place, Ratcliffe where, in 1901, John and Ann lived with George (14), Henry (12), and Harriet (9). 

[NOTE: If Harriet had been new-born at the time of the 1881 Census, her age would have been 10 and not 9 in 1901.]

 

William Lockwood was the fifth of Philip James Lockwood [1]'s seven children and his fourth and youngest son. He was born in 1864, and 29 years old when he married Johanna Clark in St George in the East in April-June 1893. The 1901 Census gave his age as 37 and credited Johanna with being 29. 

The form included one child - Esther Lockwood, then aged four. The family were living at 15 Splidt's Street, which had been William's home since childhood. Esther, born in 1896, was the eldest of William and Johanna's five surviving children. The couple's first child had been Jane Lockwood [3], born in 1894, but who sadly died the following year. The others were Elizabeth Lockwood [5] (1901), William Lockwood [3] (c1904), Mary Ann [Sissy] Lockwood (1906) and Grace Isabella Lockwood (1908).

Esther Lockwood

 

Esther married William Haig Anderson, with whom she had a son, Robert Haig Anderson (1930). Husband William died in 1950, when Robert was only 20, but Esther survived until the grand age of 93, to see her son marry Gladys Joan Shelton and subsequently become the grandmother of David Anderson (1956). David married Melanie Anne Mail and, with the birth of their daughters Sarah Elizabeth Anderson and Claire Victoria Anderson, made Esther a great-grandmother for the final decade of her life. The family was brought up to date with the marriage of Sarah to Michael Edward Higgs and the birth of their son Samuel Peter Haig Higgs.

 

Esther Lockwood, pictured with Frederick Charles Moore and youngest sister Grace Isabella Lockwood at grandson David's wedding celebration in February 1978.

Esther married William Haig Anderson, with whom she had a son, Robert Haig Anderson (1930). Husband William died in 1950, when Robert was only 20, but Esther survived until the grand age of 93, to see her son marry Gladys Joan Shelton and subsequently become the grandmother of David Anderson (1956). David married Melanie Anne Mail and, with the birth of their daughters Sarah Elizabeth Anderson and Claire Victoria Anderson, made Esther a great-grandmother for the final decade of her life. The family was brought up to date with the marriage of Sarah to Michael Edward Higgs and the birth of their son Samuel Peter Haig Higgs.

 

Little is documented of Esther's first sister, Elizabeth, other than her year of birth. Her second sibling, William, is known to have married Anna Patience and had a son, Ronald [Ronnie] Lockwood, and the third, Mary Ann Lockwood, popularly referred to as "Sissy", married Robert Page Charles. Her youngest sister, Grace Isabella Lockwood married Frederick Charles Moore.